Coco peat, also known as coir pith or coir fiber pith, is a byproduct of the coconut industry. It is made from the husks of coconuts, which are the fibrous outer shells of the fruit. The husks are soaked in water to soften them, and then they are processed to remove the fibers. The remaining material is a spongy, fibrous substance that can be compressed into blocks or bricks.
Coco peat has a variety of uses, including as a soil amendment, a growing medium for plants, and as a replacement for peat moss. It is considered to be an environmentally friendly alternative to peat moss because it is a renewable resource and does not require the destruction of natural peat bogs.
Coco peat is also popular as a hydroponic growing medium, as it is well-draining, holds moisture well, and is pH neutral. It is also used as a soil amendment to improve the structure and water-holding capacity of soil.
In addition, it’s also used as a component of soil-less growing mixes and seed-starting mixes because it can absorb up to 10 times its weight in water.
It is important to note that, like peat moss, coco peat is acidic and requires the addition of lime to bring the pH to a more neutral level before use.